Kemampuan Bicara, Menulis dan Berhitung untuk mengidentifikasi Kretinisme pada Anak Sekolah Dasar

Budiman, Basuki and Latinulu, Syarifudin and Saraswati, Edwi and Haryadi, B. Doddy (2000) Kemampuan Bicara, Menulis dan Berhitung untuk mengidentifikasi Kretinisme pada Anak Sekolah Dasar. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan, 28 (2). ISSN 0125-9695

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A study to identify cretinism in school-age children using neuropsychomotor symptoms (disphasia, disgraphia and discalculia) has been conducted in the Iodine deficiency disorder area in the District of Malang, East Java. Children in third grade of elementary school participated in the study. Weischler Intelligent Scale for Children (WISC) method was applied to exercise an child Intelligent Quotient (IQ) while neuropsychomotor symptoms (disphasia, discalculia, disgraphia) are used to identify mental defect. The symptoms are evidently associated with neuro development; on the other hand cretinism has relationship with neuro development delay in the brain due to iodine deficiency. Based on logistic regression, the study revealed that disphasia, discalculia, disgraphia correlated with cretinism. Odd Ratio for disphasia, discalculia, disgraphia is 13.3; 13.2 and 18.1 respectively. However, composite of the three neuropsychomotor symptoms failed to indicate the relationship. We recommended that one can identify cretinism in a school age child when at least two of the three symptoms appear in the child.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: disphasia, disgraphia, discalculia, IQ, cretin, mild cretin; buletin penelitian kesehatan; GIZI-BPPK
Subjects: W Medicine and related subjects (NLM Classification) > WK Endocrine System > WK 200-300 Thyroid Gland. Parathyroid Glands
Divisions: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan > Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
Depositing User: Administrator Eprints
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 05:29
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 07:28

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