Kecenderungan Penyakit Tidak Menular dan Penelitiannya di Indonesia

Salan, Rudy and Gunawan, Suriadi (1993) Kecenderungan Penyakit Tidak Menular dan Penelitiannya di Indonesia. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan, 21 (4). ISSN 0125-9695

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Like other developing countries in the South East Asian region Indonesia is undergoing an epidemiological transition. Communicable diseases tend to decrease, while non-communicable diseases and accidents tend to increase. This epidemiologic transition is strongly influenced by demographic and "life style" factors. Risk factors as smoking high calorie and diet, mental stress and sedentary life style will have an important impact on the increase of non-communicable diseases like cancer, heart disease, stoke and diabetes. Cardivascular diseases are rare before 1960, but started to increase since the 1970's. According to the health household surveys the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases increases from 1.1 per 1000 in 1972 to 5.9 per 1000 in 1980. A 5 year study (1976-1980) of hospital patients in Bali analyzed 1.339 in patients (12% of all inpatients) and found the following distribution : ischemic h.d. 32%, rheumatic h.d. 40%, pulmonic h.d. 18%, hypertensive h.d. 4%, congenital h.d. 1% and other h.d. 5%. Community survey of diabetes found a prevalence of around 1.5% in adults. The most frequent complications of diabetes were : ischemic heart diases (20-25%), gangrene (2,4%) pulmonary tb (10-13%) and diabetic ketoacidosis (2,5 - 5%). Cancer incidence is estimated at 100 per 100.000 per year. A pathology based registry in 1988 recorded the following localizations : cervix (25,57%), breast (15,83%), lymphoid (12,52%), skin (11,46%), nasopharynx (7,8%) , ovary (6,60%). Rectum (6,04%), connective tissue (5,82%), thyroid (4,43%), colon (3,9%). A study of cancer in 17 hospitals in Jakarta found the following cancer in men:lung liver,nasopharynx,lymphoma, rectum, leukimia, stomach, colon, larynx and pancreas in descending order of frequency. The most frequent cancer in women were located in the cervix, breast, ovary, lung, liver, nasopharynx, rectum,leukimia, lymphglands and colon. Hospital data showed that 60-80% of patients treated in mental hospital are suffering from schizoprenia. A study pf patients seeking treatment from health centres from that around 20% were experiencing psychological or mental problems. Several dental surveys found carries and periodental diseases in 60% of population surveyed. The highest frequency were found in the 35-44 year age group. According to the health household survey in 1980, accidents have caused 3,5% of all deaths. It is estimated that around 2.5 million accidents each year and around 10% of all hospital admission are cause by accidents. About 40% of all accidents treated in hospital are caused by traffic accidents 35% of which are head trauma. Research on non-communicable diseases have to be undertaken to know the magnitude of the problem and develop methodologies to control the diseases, emphasizing behaviour change, environmental improvement and the use of appropriate technology. Diseases which require attention are cancer, cardiovascular diseases,endocrine diseases (diabetes,thyroid diseases, etc), dental and oral diseases, accidents and occupational diseases, mental diseases, neurological diseases, chronic respitory diseases, joint and rheumatic diseases, congenital/hereditary diseases, and diseases caused by radition.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: non-communicable diseases; reseacrh; buletin penelitian kesehatan; P5-BPPK
Subjects: W Medicine and related subjects (NLM Classification) > WC Communicable Diseases > WC 1-100 Reference Works. General Works
Divisions: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan > Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
Depositing User: Administrator Eprints
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 05:29
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2017 06:13

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